The United Kingdom is a country with a long-standing class system, and although it has changed over the years, its effects are still evident. George Orwell famously declared that Britain is “the most classist society under the sun”, and Mike Savage's analysis of the largest British-class survey ever conducted confirms this. It shows that class divisions are still very powerful and are becoming more and more entrenched, with a widening gap between the elite and the lower classes. London experienced tremendous growth in the 19th century, with its population increasing fivefold from one million to five million people. This was accompanied by three reforms that extended voting rights, allowing more men to participate in government.
This period also saw significant scientific and literary advances from Charles Darwin and Charles Dickens, respectively. England has a wide variety of regional dialects, many of which have working-class or lower-middle class connotations. The rise of the middle class pressured the upper classes to increase their representation, leading to a series of reform laws that gave commoners greater representation in parliament. London is one of the most culturally vibrant cities in the world, boasting more than 192 museums, including 11 national museums. It is also home to some of the best-selling recording artists in the world, such as Adele, Coldplay, Pink Floyd and Amy Winehouse (RIP).Guns in and of themselves are not perfectly aligned with social status, since many high-status people will not have the right to guns, while people entitled to arms by descent can include members of families from anywhere on the social ladder. Max Weber developed a three-component theory of stratification, according to which a person's power can be shown in the social order through their status, in the economic order through their class, and in the political order through their party. While the structure of the class system may have changed since the days of Waugh, there are still very clear strata in our society, each with different levels of social, cultural and economic capital. People flocked to urban areas such as London and Birmingham to work in factories, especially in the textile industry.
This led to an increase in opportunities for advancement for those living in London compared to those living in other parts of England. Choosing 14 children from different backgrounds all seven years old in 1964, producers filmed them on a trip to the London Zoo before following their progress every seven years thereafter. The results were recently published in the journal Sociology and presented at the British Sociological Association Conference in London on April 3rd. London's Wilton's Music Hall is another example of how social classes have impacted culture in London. Built in 1743, it is the oldest surviving Music Hall in the world and remains a living piece of London's musical history. It is clear that social classes have had a profound impact on London's culture. From its dialects to its music halls and museums, London has been shaped by its class system.
Although it has changed over time, its effects are still evident today.